An Exclusive Financial Analysis of Global IME Bank

Introduction of Global IME Bank

Establishment:

Global Bank Limited (GBL) was established in 2007. It was established as an ‘A’ class commercial bank in Nepal. The initial capital size of the bank stood at Rs. 1 billion. Now, the paid-up capital of the bank has increased to Rs. 10.31 billion. Global IME Bank (GBIME) is the success story of merger/acquisition in the banking sector of Nepal. It is the bank that set the trend of mergers in the Nepalese banking system.

Mergers/Acquisitions:

Global IME Bank (GBIME) was formed after the merger of Global Bank with IME Financial Institution and Lord Buddha Finance in 2012. Both the IME Finance and Lord Buddha Finance were “C” class finance companies of Nepal. After that, Global IME Bank (GBIME) merged two more development banks in 2013. They were Social Development Bank and Gulmi Bikas Bank. Both the institution were “B” class development banks. In 2014, the mergers continued. Global IME Bank (GBIME) took Commertz and Trust Bank Nepal as the merger partner. It was the first time Global IME Bank (GBIME) merged with an “A” class commercial bank. Likewise, in the period between 2015 and 2016, GBIME acquired two “B” class Development Banks. Namely Pacific Development Bank and Reliable Development Bank.

Currently, the bank has signed an acquisition agreement with Hathway finance (“C” class finance). Also, Global IME Bank (GBIME) is also in the merger process with Janata Bank Nepal. Janata Bank Nepal is an “A” class commercial bank of Nepal.

Promoters:

The bank has a well renowned and respected businessman of Nepal as its promoters. The promoters come from a variety of different sectors such as finance, remittance, trading, export, automotive services, manufacturing, media services, and hydropower. The bank is led by a leading entrepreneur of Nepal, Mr. Chandra Prasad Dhakal. He is the Executive Chairman of IME Group of Companies. It is one of the fastest-growing business conglomerates in Nepal. It has a presence in banking, money service, IT, trading, hydro-energy, travel and tourism, cable car and infrastructures.

Recognition:

Global IME Bank (GBIME) received “The Bank of the Year Award 2014” for Nepal. It was provided by the Bankers Magazine published by the Financial Times of UK. Similarly, International Finance Magazine (London) presented GBIME with “Best Internet Bank 2016- Nepal”. Likewise, World HRD Congress (India) provided GBIME with the “Best Employer Award 2018″.

Expansion:

Global IME Bank (GBIME) has an ever-expanding customer base of more than 10 lakh accounts in deposits. Likewise, the credit accounts stand at above 24 thousand. The bank has established the provincial office in all seven provinces, as directed by the Nepal Rastra bank. GBIME provides services to its customers through:

—142 branches

—7 extension counter

—15 Revenue Collection counter

—1 CDS & Clearing Counter

—115 Branchless Banking services

—141 ATMs

 



Board of directors of Global IME Bank

The board of directors of GBIME includes 7 members. Mr. Chandra Prasad Dhakal leads the board as the chairman. The board of directors of Global IME Bank includes:

S.N. Board Members  Post Representative
1 Chandra Prasad Dhakal Chairman Promoter shareholders
2 Pawan Kumar Bhimsariya Director Promoter shareholders
3 Sudharshan Krishna Shrestha Director Ordinary Shareholders
4 Suman Pokharel Director Ordinary Shareholders
5 Krishna Prasad Sharma Director Ordinary Shareholders
6 Numnath Poudel Director Independent
7 Bishnu Prasad Baskota Company Secretary

 



Management team of Global IME Bank

After the resignation of Mr. Janak Sharma Paudyal, the bank is led by Mr. Mahesh Sharma Dhakal. He is the Acting Chief Executive Officer of the Bank. The other team members in the management committee are:

S.N. Management Team Post
1 Mr. Mahesh Sharma Dhakal Acting Chief Executive Officer
2 Mr. Surendra Raj Regmi Assistant General Manager
3 Ms. Arati Rana Assistant General Manager
4 Mr. Bhawani Dhakal Chief Compliance Officer
5 Mr. Anil Joshi Head – Information Technology/Card & E-banking
6 Mr. Buddhi Akela Chief Risk Officer
7 Mr. Raja Aryal Chief Financial Officer
8 Mr. Deep Chandra Regmi Head – Human Resource
9 Mr. Ganesh Prasad Awasthi Chief Operating Officer
10 Mr. Ranjan Kumar Thapa Head – Treasury and International Banking

 



Shareholding Structure of Global IME Bank

The bank is fully promoted by Nepalese investors. Almost 51.20 percent of total shares are owned by the promoters. Likewise, the general public has 48.80 percent ownership in the bank. Out of the promoter shareholders, institutions occupy 14.21 percent of the bank. Whereas, the individual promoters have 36.99 percent ownership in GBIME. The shareholding structure is shown in the table below:

Ownership Structure Percentage (%)
Domestic Ownership 100
Promoter (Institutions) 14.21
Promoter (Individual) 36.99
General Public 48.8
Foreign Ownership
Total 100

 



Major Shareholders of Global IME Bank

IME Investment Pvt. Ltd. and Worldwide Investment Pvt. Ltd. possess 5.97 percent and 5.48 percent of the bank. The major shareholders of Global IME Bank (GBIME) with more than 1 percent share are shown in the table below:

S.N.  Major Shareholders Percent (%)
1 IME Investment Pvt. Ltd. 5.97
2 Worldwide Investment Pvt. Ltd. 5.48
3 Sumeet Kumar Agrawal 2.94
4 Uttam Kumar Nepal 2.94
5 Continental Investment Pvt. Ltd. 2.82
6 Usha Investment Pvt. Ltd. 2.61
7 Homeland Developers Pvt. Ltd. 2.15
8 Suraj Kumar Shrestha 1.36
9 Sandeep Agrawal 1.33
10 Hemraj Dhakal 1.26
11 Durga Prasad Neupane 1.21
12 Nimisa Investment Pvt. Ltd. 1.02

 



Mergers and Acquisitions By Global IME Bank

Global IME Bank (GBIME) is the result of the merger/acquisition of 10 banking and financial institutions. In a way, it is a conglomerate in the banking sector of Nepal. The different mergers and acquisitions by the bank are shown in the table below:

Institutions Merger/Acquisition Name after Merger/Acquisition Year
Global Bank, IME Finance and Lord Buddha Finance Merger Global IME Bank 2012
Global IME Bank, Social Development Bank, Gulmi Bikas Bank Merger 2013
Global IME Bank, Commertz and Trust Bank Merger 2014
Global IME Bank, Pacific Development Bank, Reliable Development Bank Acquisition 2015-16
Global IME Bank, Hathaway Finance Acquisition* 2019
Global IME Bank, Janata Bank Merger* 2019

 



Number of Employees, Branches, and ATMs of Global IME Bank

At present, the bank has more than 142 branches. Due to expansion as well as mergers/acquisitions, the branches and employees have grown at a steady pace. The bank had 1,700 employees until the end of fiscal year 2074/75. Likewise, the branches have increased from 84 in 2070/71 to 131 in 2074/75. Also, the ATMs have also grown in number from 84 to 134 during this period. The expansion of Global IME Bank (GBIME) in the last five years period is shown in the table below:

Fiscal Year Number of Employees No. of Branches  Number of ATMs
2070/71 1098 84 84
2071/72 1117 85 90
2072/73 1107 91 99
2073/74 1348 112 114
2074/75 1700 131 134

 



Financial Analysis of Global IME Bank: Last 5 Years

Paid-up Capital, Shareholders’ Fund and Total Assets

Global IME Bank (GBIME) has increased its capital by more than 2 times in the period between 2070/71 to 2075/76. The bank had a capital of Rs. 4.98 billion in the fiscal year 2070/71. This has grown to Rs. 10.31 billion at the end of the fiscal year 2074/75. Similarly, the shareholder’s fund has also doubled during this period. The fund which stood at Rs. 6.13 billion in 2070/71 has surged to Rs. 13.58 billion in the fiscal year 2074/75. Similarly, the total assets have also doubled to Rs. 125.85 billion. The total assets stood at Rs. 60.02 billion at the end of 2070/71.

The paid-up capital, shareholders’ fund and total assets of GBIME are shown in the table below:

Fiscal Year Paid-up Capital (Rs. ‘billion’) Shareholder’s Fund (Rs. ‘billion’) Total Assets (Rs. ‘billion’)
2070/71 4.98 6.13 60.02
2071/72 6.16 7.32 69.19
2072/73 7.15 8.95 88.68
2073/74 8.89 12.37 117.89
2074/75 10.31 13.58 125.85

Paid-up capital of Global IME Bank(GBIME) in the last five years: In the chart



Deposits and Loans & Advances of Global IME Bank

The deposits of the bank stood at Rs. 106.51 billion at the end of the fiscal year 2074/75. In the year 2070/71, the total deposit collection was Rs. 52.29 billion. So, the deposits have more than doubled in a span of four years. Similarly, the total loans of the bank have grown to Rs. 93.37 billion at the end of 2074/75. The loans portfolio stood at Rs. 43.02 billion at the end of 2070/71. This indicates that the loans grew by almost 117 percent during this period. The growth in both the deposits and

The total deposits and loans of GBIME are shown in the table below:

Fiscal Year Deposits (Rs. ‘billion’) Loans and Advances (Rs. ‘billion’)
2070/71 52.29 43.02
2071/72 60.18 50.23
2072/73 74.68 60.84
2073/74 101.91 80.82
2074/75 106.51 93.37

Deposits and loans of Global IME Bank(GBIME) in the last five years: In the chart



Net Interest Income and Net Profit of Global IME Bank

GBIME earned a net interest income of Rs. 3.90 billion in the fiscal year 2074/75. This turned into Rs. 2.10 billion as the net profit for the year. Both the net interest income as well as net profit have increased by more than twofold in the four years. The net interest income grew from Rs. 1.76 billion in the fiscal year 2070/71. Likewise, the net profit has surged from 0.97 billion in 2070/71 to Rs. 2.10 billion in 2074/75.

The net interest income and the net profit of GBIME are shown in the table below:

Fiscal Year Net Interest Income  (Rs. ‘billion’) Net Profit (Rs. ‘billion’)
2070/71 1.76 0.97
2071/72 2.29 0.96
2072/73 2.89 1.38
2073/74 3.66 2.06
2074/75 3.9 2.1

Net Profit of Global IME Bank(GBIME) in the last five years: In the chart



Return On Equity (ROE) and Return On Assets (ROA)

Return On Equity (ROE) measures the profitability based on the shareholders’ equity. On the other hand, Return On Assets (ROA) measures the profit based on the total assets utilized to achieve the profit. So, both are good indicators for measuring the efficiency of the organization. GBIME has an average return on equity and capital in the past 5 years period. ROE stood between 13-28 percent whereas ROA remained in between 1.39 percent to 1.75 percent.

The return on equity (ROE) and return on assets (ROA) of GBIME are shown in the table below:

Fiscal Year Return on Equity (ROE %) Return on Assets (ROA %)
2070/71 16 1.62
2071/72 13 1.39
2072/73 16 1.58
2073/74 18 1.75
2074/75 15 1.67

Return On Equity (ROE) of Global IME Bank (GBIME) in the last five years: In the chart



Earnings Per Share (EPS) and Networth Per Share

Earnings Per Share (EPS) and Networth Per Share are commonly used by investors while making investment decisions. EPS shows the per-share earnings while networth per share reflects the per-share book value. GBIME has EPS of 23.64 as of fiscal year 2074/75. The EPS has remained relatively stable between 15 percent to 25 percent. Likewise, the net-worth per share has fluctuated between Rs. 118.83 to Rs.  139.15. At the end of the fiscal year 2074/75, the net-worth stood at Rs. 131.72.

The Earnings Per Share (EPS) and Networth Per Share of GBIME are shown in the table below:

Fiscal Year Earnings Per Share (EPS ‘Rs.’) Networth Per Share (‘Rs.’)
2070/71 19.57 123.09
2071/72 15.58 118.83
2072/73 19.33 125.17
2073/74 25.51 139.15
2074/75 23.64 131.72

Earnings Per Share (EPS) of Global IME Bank(GBIME) in the last five years: In the chart



Non-Performing Loans (NPL) and CCD Ratio

The bank has been able to reduce its NPL gradually. The NPL stood at 2.55 percent in the fiscal year 2070/71. However, it has steadily declined to 0.77 percent at the end of the fiscal year 2074/75. Similarly, the bank has maintained the CCD ratio between 71.24 percent to 75.35 percent. CCD Ratio refers to the ratio of Credit to Core capital and deposits. It should be below 80 percent as directed by the central bank. At the end of the fiscal year 2074/75, the CCD ratio stood at 75.35 percent.

The non-performing loans (NPL) and CCD Ratio of GBIME are shown in the table below:

Fiscal Year Non-Performing Loans (NPL, %) CCD Ratio (%)
2070/71 2.55 73.64
2071/72 2.23 74.41
2072/73 1.89 72.69
2073/74 1.6 71.24
2074/75 0.77 75.35

Non-Performing Loans (NPL) of Global IME Bank(GBIME) in the last five years: In the chart



Dividend History of Global IME Bank

GBIME  has consistently provided satisfactory dividends to the shareholders. For the increment of capital, the dividends are more focused towards the bonus share. The bank has distributed the dividend ranging from 16 percent to 25 percent in the past 5 years period. From the profit of the fiscal year 2074/75, the bank provided a 16 percent bonus share to the shareholders.

The dividend history of GBIME is shown in the table below:

Fiscal Year Bonus share (%)  Cash dividend (%)  Total dividend (%) 
2070/71 21 4 25
2071/72 23 0 23
2072/73 16 0 16
2073/74 10 10 20
2074/75 16 0 16

Total Dividend of Global IME Bank(GBIME) in the last five years: In the chart



Price History of Global IME Bank

For the full price history of GBIME, click on the link: Price History of GBIME



Market Price and Market Capitalization of Global IME Bank

With the rise in the outstanding shares, the market price has declined gradually in the last 5 years. The share price was Rs. 640 at the end of 2070/71. However, it has fallen to Rs. 290 at the end of 2074/75. The crash of the stock market of Nepal is also the major reason for the decline in the share price of the bank.

The market capitalization of the Bank stood at Rs. 25.78 billion at the end of the fiscal year 2074/75. The bank has the highest market capitalization of Rs. 31.75 billion in the fiscal year 2072/73. After that period, the market value has fallen due to the crash of the stock market.

The market price and the market capitalization of GBIME are shown in the table below:

Fiscal Year Market Price Per Share (MPS ‘Rs’) Market Capitalization (Rs. ‘billion’)
2070/71 640 16.81
2071/72 479 14.05
2072/73 515 31.75
2073/74 388 28.1
2074/75 290 25.78

Market Capitalization of Global IME Bank(GBIME) in the last five years: In the chart



Financial Analysis of Global IME Bank: Fourth Quarter, 2075/76

The bank has shown a decent performance growth in the fourth quarter of the fiscal year 2075/76. The net profit has grown by more than 33 percent to Rs. 2.80 billion. To know about the fourth-quarter performance of the bank in 2075/76, click on the link below:

Global IME Bank (GBIME) Fourth Quarter Report

 



Conclusion

Global IME Bank (GBIME) is running in its 13 years in the Nepalese Banking industry. Although it is one of the newest banks, it has established itself as one of the leading banks of Nepal. The strategic merger and acquisition decisions have positioned the bank along with the likes of Everest and the Himalayan Bank which have completed more than 25 years in the banking industry. GBIME has always remained open to the merger and acquisition. It is currently in the merger process with Janata Bank. After the merger, GBIME will place itself as the largest commercial bank of Nepal. The bank will lead the industry in terms of major financial indicators such as capital size, deposit, loans, profit, etc.

Despite its merger successes, managing and motivating the employees will remain as the top challenge for the bank in the coming years. Likewise, to improve the profitability on the huge capital base and provide a decent return to the shareholders will also be a daunting task for the management. However, with the capable team, the bank can carry its past success into the future and emerge as the top bank of Nepal. Investors can expect satisfactory dividends in the future unless any unseen force comes into play.

NOTE: Figures of FY 2074/75 and FY 2073/74 are as per NFRS  and the figures of the earlier year are as per previous GAAP. Hence, they may not be comparable.

(Investments are subject to market risks and investors are advised to do a personal homework before making any investment decision. This material is just a guideline for the investors to do further investigations)

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